What should I do in case of a dental emergency?


dental emergency

In the event of a dental emergency, knowing what to do can make a significant difference in minimizing discomfort and preventing further damage. Dental emergencies can range from sudden toothaches to broken teeth or injuries to the mouth and jaw. This comprehensive guide offers valuable insights and actionable steps to help you navigate through a dental emergency with confidence.

Immediate Actions for Common Dental Emergencies

1. Severe Toothache:

  • Rinse your mouth with warm water to clean the area.
  • Use dental floss to gently remove any food particles trapped between teeth.
  • Avoid placing aspirin directly on the tooth or gums, as it may cause burns.
  • Apply a cold compress to the outside of the mouth to alleviate swelling and pain.
  • Contact your dentist promptly to schedule an emergency appointment.

2. Knocked-Out Tooth:

  • Handle the tooth by the crown (top), avoiding touching the root.
  • Rinse the tooth gently with water if it's dirty, but do not scrub or remove any tissue attached to it.
  • Try to reinsert the tooth into its socket, if possible, and hold it in place by gently biting down on a clean cloth or gauze.
  • If reinsertion isn't feasible, keep the tooth moist by placing it in milk or saliva (not water) and seek immediate dental care.

3. Broken or Chipped Tooth:

  • Save any broken tooth fragments and rinse them with warm water.
  • Rinse your mouth with warm water to remove debris.
  • Apply a cold compress to the outside of the mouth to reduce swelling.
  • Contact your dentist as soon as possible for evaluation and treatment options.

4. Lost Filling or Crown:

  • If a filling or crown comes loose, try to keep it safe and avoid chewing on that side of your mouth.
  • Apply dental cement, available at pharmacies, to temporarily reattach the crown or filling.
  • Contact your dentist promptly for further instructions and to schedule a repair appointment.

5. Soft Tissue Injuries (Lip, Tongue, Cheek):

  • Clean the injured area with warm water and apply pressure to control bleeding.
  • Use a cold compress to reduce swelling and relieve pain.
  • If bleeding persists or the injury is severe, seek immediate medical attention.

When to Seek Emergency Dental Care

While some dental issues can wait for regular business hours, certain situations require immediate attention from a dental professional. These include:

  • Severe tooth pain or swelling.
  • Trauma resulting in a knocked-out tooth or significant damage.
  • Uncontrollable bleeding from the mouth.
  • Signs of infection such as fever, swelling, or pus discharge.

Preventive Measures to Avoid Dental Emergencies

While dental emergencies can occur unexpectedly, taking preventive measures can help reduce the risk of experiencing such situations. These include:

  • Maintain good oral hygiene practices, including brushing twice a day and flossing daily.
  • Wear a mouthguard during sports activities to protect against dental injuries.
  • Avoid chewing on hard objects such as ice, popcorn kernels, or pen caps.
  • Schedule regular dental check-ups and cleanings to detect and address any potential issues early.


Being prepared for a dental emergency can help alleviate anxiety and ensure prompt and appropriate care when needed. Remember to stay calm, assess the situation, and take immediate action to address the problem. In case of a dental emergency, contacting a reliable dental professional is crucial for timely diagnosis and treatment. Platforms like Dentally.in serve as valuable resources for finding trusted dental care providers in your area. Whether it's locating an emergency dentist or scheduling a routine check-up, Dentally.in offers comprehensive information and convenient tools to help you maintain optimal oral health.